The expansion in purple Aberdeen Angus cattle numbers continues apace in Northern Eire. And this isn’t a fad.
The latest farm stroll hosted by Fivemiltown-based, pedigree Angus breeder – Ian Browne – offered an ideal platform for an in depth dialogue on this topic.
Ian farms together with his son Harry on a productive grassland farm, positioned proper on the border between counties Tyrone and Fermanagh.
Their pedigree Angus herd includes 100 cows and followers. It is among the most important breeding operations of its type in Northern Eire. Ian and Harry additionally hold a small variety of pedigree Hereford cattle.
Their Angus herd incorporates 20 red-coloured breeding females.
“The huge bulk of our clients are dairy farmers seeking to purchase black Aberdeen Angus bulls,” Ian defined.
“They’re in search of an animal that may produce a top quality calf that’s eligible for the entire present Aberdeen Angus beef high quality schemes.
“Nevertheless, there’s a rising demand for purple Angus bulls throughout the suckler sector. When crossed, with a Charolais cow, for instance, the ensuing calf has that deep cream color that’s extensively sought by beef finishers.”
Black or purple Aberdeen Angus
In response to Ian Browne, there isn’t any distinction within the general efficiency ranges that may be achieved by purple and black colored Angus cattle.
“The distinction in coat color is the one issue coming into play,” he defined.
Crossing a purple Aberdeen Angus bull with a black cow will all the time produce a black calf and vice versa. The manufacturing of a purple calf will solely be assured when a purple bull is crossed with a purple cow.
“Nevertheless, the purple trait can come by way of within the second technology,” Ian added.
“Now we have 20 purple cows within the herd at the moment. The plan is to maintain numbers at this stage.”
It seems that Europe is out of step with the remainder of the world, the place purple Aberdeen Angus cattle predominate.
They’re the predominant Angus possibility in the USA, Canada, throughout South America and Australia.
Pink is a naturally occurring color trait throughout the Aberdeen Angus breed; it’s not a mutation.
It has been the case that black cattle have been chosen because the bloodlines of alternative within the UK and Eire for a lot of generations.
Genetic evaluation has confirmed that, coat color aside, purple Angus animals are equivalent to the Scottish inhabitants of Aberdeen Angus cattle.
Immediately, purple Angus inventory are registered individually from black Angus cattle in Australia, Canada, and the USA.
Pink Angus cattle are naturally polled. Mature bulls have a median stay weight of 935kg; the equal determine for cows is 635kg.
The Scottish Angus is normally black, however purple people happen. This can be the consequence of cross-breeding within the 18th century of the small Scottish cattle with bigger English Longhorn inventory, aimed toward growing their draught energy.
Making finest use of grazed grass is an absolute precedence for Ian Browne. He places the bulls out with the cows and heifers at first of July.
Which means the primary calves of the 12 months will not be born till April.
“The overwhelming majority of our mature cows will calve open air with out help,” Ian commented.
“Clearly, we hold a more in-depth eye on first-calving heifers. We don’t feed creep to calves in any respect. The one animals on the farm receiving meal are younger breeding bulls in preparation on the market.
“Our breeding bulls are offered at round 18 months of age. They’re introduced collectively in teams of 10 with potential patrons given full entry to all of the animals on the market at a selected time.”
The myriad high quality beef schemes proceed to encourage demand for Aberdeen Angus cattle throughout the island of Eire. As a part of this, all pedigree Angus cattle are totally genotyped at delivery.
The meat business throughout the UK and Eire is altering with dairy calf-to-beef programs rising in prominence.
Farmers adopting these programs are very happy to work with Aberdeen Angus cross calves, offered they’re of an appropriate high quality.
School of Agriculture Meals and Rural Enterprise (CAFRE) beef and sheep advisor, Gareth Beacom, was the visitor speaker on the farm stroll hosted by Ian Browne.
Courtesy of his presentation, he highlighted the central function that grazed grass can play inside all livestock manufacturing programs.
“Grazed grass stays the most cost effective feed that farmers can supply their inventory. It prices 6p to supply one kg of grass dry matter; the equal figures for silage and concentrates are 12p and 27p respectively,” Beacom defined.
“GrassCheck figures verify that grass crude protein figures will stay at round 20% all through the grazing season.
“This truth alone makes grass a really precious feed enter, when one compares the price of procuring meals with the same protein worth.
“Nevertheless, the power contained inside grass swards will range all year long, lowering because the autumn interval approaches,” he added.
Beacom defined that it’s doable to complete cattle on grazed grass alone in the course of the early summer season interval including that providing meals at this stage is solely including prices for no purpose.
“The cattle will take the meals provided to them. However they may solely be substituting the focus for the grass that’s already out there to them,” Gareth added.
“Maximising the power consumption of cattle in the course of the ending interval is crucially essential. This ensures that the animals have the proper stage of fats cowl.
“Animals might be completed at grass in the course of the autumn interval. However meal supplementation can be obligatory with a purpose to be certain that power intakes are on the appropriate ranges.”#