A dedication to the best requirements of precision administration is a trademark of France’s natural farmers to their manufacturing practices.
And this precept extends properly past weed management; it additionally consists of the optimum use of land on which to develop crops.
A latest, Lemken-hosted go to to France by a bunch of Irish cereal and potato growers included a stop-off on the farm of the Rousselat household.
The daddy and son crew, Jean Cristoph and Arnaud, develop a mixture of wheat, sugar beet, sunflowers, soya and alfalfa near the village of Neully within the Yonne area.
They’re dedicated to natural manufacturing practices. Nonetheless, they recognise the necessity to trial and introduce new crop administration practices, to be able to keep the sustainability of their enterprise.
French natural farming
The land the natural farmers are working options soils with very excessive clay contents. Limestone comes very near the floor throughout all the farm.
Soil pH values are very excessive, within the area of 8.4. As a consequence, soil obtainable phosphate ranges are very low.
Good crop rotation is on the very coronary heart of the Rousselat enterprise mannequin.
From a crop administration perspective, efficient, mechanical weed management is critically necessary.
For probably the most half that is achieved utilizing a precision hoeing system, manufactured by the Steketee firm.
Reaching this in a cereal setting requires the crop row width to be prolonged to 25cm.
Nonetheless, this diploma of spacing permits for alfalafa and soya to be planted out between the rows of wheat through the months of April and Might.
To make this occur, Jean Cristoph and Arnaud have particularly hooked up a seed drill to the Steketee hoe. This then delivers a mix of weed management and the institution of the extra crop on the identical time.
Water availability to crops is a continuing problem for farmers within the Yonne area of japanese France.
Within the case of Jean Cristoph and Arnaud Rousselat, they’re presently trialling the usage of lively charcoal pellets as a manner of retaining moisture all through the rising season.
Additionally they use poultry litter pellets as a fertiliser supply. These are sourced from Belgium and the Netherlands.
One other function of the Rousselat method to crop manufacturing is their use of microorganism-based spray options to stimulate each crop progress and improve inherent ranges of illness resistance.
This 12 months has seen Jean Cristoph and Arnaud Rousselat attaining natural wheat yields of 3t/ha.
Their soya crops got here in at 0.4t/ha. These figures are properly down on projected ranges, on account of the acute drought situations that gripped the area for a lot of the 2022 rising season.